Although the term Rajput only became common in the tenth century, a number of clans that later became known as Rajput rose to prominence in the 7th Century. The word Rajput literally means son of a king in the Sanskrit language. It was extended to cover any Hindu clan that ruled in west India. The regions that now form Gujarat have at various times been ruled by a number of dynnasties, all which from the 10th Century onwards claimed to Rajputs.
Several clans that rose to prominence in the 7th Century, such as the Parihar, Gohil, Dodiya, Chavda, Chauhan and Chavotake later came to be known as Rajput. The last major Rajput clan to settle in Gujarat were the Jadejas , who arrived from Sindh. In addition to being divided into clans, the Rajputs are divided into two categories, the Rajput proper and the Girasia, who are known as Darbar in Saurashtra and Rajput in Kutch. In addition, there are also various allied groups such as the BavanGol , Gujjar , Karadia , Nadoda, Jinkara , Purbiya, Maiya and Khant,and Vantia.
Distribution:- The Rajput’s in theory are divided into thirty six clans, but in practice the number varies from region to region. In Gujarat, the main clans are the Bhati, Chauhan, Chavda, Chudasama, Dahima, Darad, Devda, Gohil, Rathod, Sindhav, Raizada, Rehvar, Padhiyar, Sanol, Jadeja, Jethwa, Parmar, Solanki, Vaghela, Vala, Vadher, and Zankant. The Rajputs are endogamous, with the clans being exogamous. There is no intermarriage between clans as the Sarvaiyya, Chudasama, Rana and Raizada as they all claim descent from a common ancestor.
In terms of distribution, the Chauhan are found in Baroda, Bharuch, Banaskantha, and Panchmahal districts, the Chudasama& Darad are found in Kutch, Junagadh and Jamnagar districts, the Chavda are found in Bhavnagar and Mehsana districts, the Gohil are found in Bhavnagar, the Jadeja, who are the most numerous clan are found mainly in Kutch, Jamnagar, Rajkot and Banaskantha. The Parmar are one of the chief clans found among the Rajputs, and are found in north Gujarat, Bharuch, Kathiawar and Kutch and are divided into four sub-clans, the Barod, Johda, Rehvar and Rajparmars. Other clans include the Solanki in Kheda, Mehsana and Sabarkantha districts, the Rathore also on Sabarkantha, the Mahida in Bharuch and Baroda, the Devda in Banaskantha, the Padiyar and Sarvaiyya in Bhavnagar , the Vala in twelve villages in Rajkot District, the Bhati in Banaskantha and Sabarkantha, the Sisodia in Sabarkantha, and the Vaghela in Kutch, Kathiawar, Dholka, Sanand.
List of Major Clans
There are about 104 Rajput clans in Gujarat, which are as follows:
Ada , Avera , Baleter , Barod , Bhati , Chavda , Chavad , Chochu , Chiod Chauhan ,Chudasama, Chundawat, Dabhi, Dahima , Dairja , Darad Devchand, Devda, Dhandu, Dhal, Dor ,Dodiya, Duval ,Ed Gaikwad, Galecha Ghelot , Gohil , Golter, Gori , Gujjar , Hadial ,Harashi , Hatha , Humad Jadhav , Jadeja , Jhala , Jiriya, Jodha, Joja, Kaba, Kachhotia, Kalam Karadia , Kher , Khod, Khula, Kukan, Lakan , Mahidam, Makwana, Mal, Masani , Mer , Mohal , Mori, Nadodora , Narvan, Padhar, Padhiyar, Palonia, Parmar, Pesrau, Purabia, Raizada, Rana, Ranrathod , Rathore, Raval, Ravar-Solanki, Rehvar, Revod, Sanol, Sarvaiya, Sedhal, Sisodia, Sodha , Sodria, Sojatria, Solanki, Songad, Surcha, Suvar, Tank , Tantol Thokiya, Tuar, Vadhel, Vadvasia, Vaghela,Vaish , Vaja, Vala, Vamla Vanol, Vantia, Varam , Vejola , Vethia, Vezania, Virpuria-Solanki, Udhawat, Uma
Note: All most or many clan’s name from above are used by other communities as their surnames due to their stay in those particular areas which were ruled by that rajput clan.during some historical period.